The Marban Alliance property is located in the western portion of the province of Quebec, Canada, midway between the towns of Val-d’Or and Malartic and is comprised of 65 mining claims covering 2,189 hectares.
Exploration conducted at the Marban Alliance property apparently dates back to at least 1940 and includes geologic mapping, sampling, compilation of geological, structural, and geochemical data, geophysical prospecting, trenching, and extensive drilling from the surface and underground. At least 14 different companies explored and/or mined on parts of the property from 1940 through 2019 when O3 Mining was created. The deepest drill hole reached 1,475 vertical metres.
Marban Alliance was the object of multiple technical studies during is development including a Preliminary Economic Assessment (PEA) in 2020 and a pre-feasibility study (PFS) in 2022.
The project is developed as a stand-alone operation with all necessary infrastructure, including mining open pits, gold milling plant, tailing facilities, waste and overburden stockpile and all necessary access and production roads. The life of mine of the mining project is planned for 9.6 years of production at an average of 161 000 ounces per year.
1/ Please refer to the PFS of Marban Alliance
Ausenco Engineering Canada Inc. prepared a PFS for O3 Mining with an effective date of August 24, 2022. The project presents robust economics: Post-tax net present value (using a 5% discount rate) of C$463 million and a post-tax unlevered internal rate of return of 23.2% using a long-term gold price of US$1,700 per ounce and an exchange rate of C$1.00 = US$0.77.
The Marban Alliance property lies within the Archean Abitibi greenstone belt of the Superior Province, which consists of alternating east-trending metavolcanic-plutonic and sedimentary belts bounded by crustal-scale faults. The Marban Alliance property is subdivided into the Malartic Group, plume-derived komatiitic-tholeiitic marine-plain volcanic assemblages divided from north to south, into the La Motte-Vassan, Dubuisson, and Jacola formations and the Louvicourt Group representing an arc-type complex subdivided into the Val-d’Or Formation, a transitional to calc-alkaline volcanic complex, and the Héva Formation, characterized by geochemically distinct iron tholeiites.
The metavolcanic rocks within the Marban Alliance property are cut by three major northwest to west-northwest-striking auriferous shear zones of regional extent — the Marbenite, Norbenite and North and shears. The Marbenite shear hosts the Marban Alliance deposit, while the Norbenite shear hosts both the Kierens and Norlartic gold deposits and the North shear hosts the North zone.
The property hosts at least two types of gold mineralization. A first related to the major shears of the property, namely Marbenite, Norbenite, and North shears. Those shears are also related to the Kiena and Goldex deposits. Along those shears, the mineralization consists of quartz and quartz-carbonate-chlorite veins and veinlets within mafic and intermediate rocks. The thickest quartz veins of this type contain angular fragments of the host rocks. Alteration of the host rock consists of albitization, carbonatization and chloritization, whereas tourmaline is absent. This style of mineralization is common, regardless of the host rocks, in the Marban Alliance, Norlartic, Kierens, North, and Orion deposits. Sulphide content is generally below 2%, disseminated in the wall rock. At the Marban Alliance and Orion deposit the veins and veinlets are mainly hosted within an iron-rich basalt and are either transposed along the main schistosity or folded. At a larger scale, those deposits were concentrated along subhorizontal early fold hinges, a folding event that pre-date the main deformation event, in the southern Abitibi region, which is related to the penetrative subvertical schistosity and associated subvertical folds. At Norlartic and Kierens, the veins and veinlets are hosted intermediate dykes and are less deformed possibly due to a more competent host rock. Couture et al. (1994) and Bertrand-Blanchette (2016) have documented mineralization cut by tonalitic intrusions dated at 2692 ± 2 Ma for Norlartic and 2680 ± 1 Ma for Orion. The implication of these relative and absolute timing is that at least part of the mineralization is older than the main deformation event recorded in the southern Abitibi region. Although the mineralization shares multiple characteristics of orogenic gold deposits, namely the association with major shears, the carbonite and albite alteration and the lack of significant base metal or silver content, the deposits are much older than the orogenic gold deposits of the Val-d’Or mining district (Sigma-Lamaque and others). They can therefore be classified as pre-main deformation or early orogenic gold deposits.
The second mineralization type is related to tonalitic and granodioritic intrusions that cut the early mineralization. The best example is the North-North Zone hosted within a tonalitic intrusion. This zone consists of quartz–carbonate–tourmaline veins surrounded by albite alteration halos. They are very similar to the vein systems found in the Sigma-Lamaque and Goldex mines. The veins are spatially associated with discrete shear but the veins themselves are relatively undeformed. The same kind of gold-bearing veins is also found within the felsic intrusion south of the Norlartic deposit dated at 2692 ± 2 Ma (Couture et al., 1994). Like Sigma-Lamaque this mineralization event is classified as orogenic gold mineralization.
The Marban Alliance mineral reserves are distributed in two areas. The main open-pit Mine is the Marban Alliance Pit and represent 73% of projected production. The second area consists of 5 smaller pits including the Norlartic Pit representing 27% of the projected production.
Mining is planned as typical truck and shovel operation with 100 and 150 tonnes truck and 12 and 16 m3 shovels.
Marban Alliance’s mining reserves are distributed in two distinct areas. The first area, consisted by the main pit of the Marban Alliance mining project, accounts for 73% of projected production. The second sector it consisted by 5 separate pits, including the Norlartic pit, which represents the project’s secondary pit. Four other small satellites pits are presents in the sector. The second sector representing 27% of projected production.
At the pre-feasibility study stage, mining is planned according to typical open pit mining methods, i.e. using standard rigid mining trucks with loading capacities of 100 and 150 tonnes. In addition, the production shovels also meet these same industry standards via the use of 12 and 16m3 hydraulic shovels.
Marban Alliance milling capacity is planned at 6 Mt/year. The milling process includes crushing, grinding, cyanide leaching, carbon recovery and a tailing thickener. The overall rate recovery is estimated over 94%.
The Marban Alliance project includes a stockpile area for waste rock from the pits, as well as a temporary overburden stockpiles. Note that the term temporary is used to specify that the overburden will be reused for mine reclamation at the end of the life of mine.
Two distinct tailings facility are planned to reduce the project footprint and visual impacts. A started wet tailings facility will be used for the first 3.5 years of production. For the following years, secondary Norlartic pit will be used for in-pit tailing deposition.
Since the creation of O3 Mining in 2019, exploration work on the Marban Alliance property has focused mainly on delineation, expansion and exploration drilling. As of May 2023, a total of 146,112 metres in 549 holes have been drilled at Marban Alliance. In May 2021, an air-borne drone magnetometric survey covered the Camflo, Orion, Malartic Hygrade, and Malartic H areas. Vision 4K inc. performed the survey using the AIM-LOWTM system.
The latest Mineral Resource Estimate for O3 Mining’s Marban Alliance and Kierens-Norlartic deposits was prepared by G Mining Services Inc. with an effective date of February 27, 2022. The lower cut-off grade for reporting the Mineral Resource is 0.30 g/t Au based on a recovery of 93.7%, processing + G&A costs of C$18.2/tonne, mining cost of $2.40/tonne and a gold price of US$1900/oz. The underground resource has been filtered manually to remove isolated blocks and has been reported using a 3.0 g/t Au lower cut-off for Marban Alliance, and a 2.5 g/t Au lower cut-off for Kierens-Norlartic. At these cut-offs, the total Indicated Mineral Resource is estimated at 67.7 million tonnes (Mt) at a grade of 1.09 g/t Au for a total of 2.37 million ounces (Moz), and Inferred Mineral Resource is estimated at 3.1 Mt at a grade of 2.21 g/t Au for a total of 0.22 Moz.
Additionally, O3 Mining continues with a brownfield exploration program on Marban Alliance including the expansion of all lateral extensions of the near-surface mineralization, to unlock the potential in the Malartic H and Hygrade Fold area as well as the downdip extension of the Marban Alliance deposit. The Malartic H deposit consists of multiple stacked lenses starting at surface and covering an area of 600 metres along strike by 300 metres wide along the Marbenite shear, which suggests a potential for a near-surface deposit that could extend the life of the mine. Most of the historical drilling was completed by NioGold Mining Corp. and Aur Resources Inc., with QA/QC procedures applied and documented. The O3 Mining 2023 winter infill drilling program on the Malartic H deposit comprised 23 drill holes totalling 6,948 metres. O3 Mining expects to release a maiden mineral resource estimate on the Malartic H deposit by the end of the second quarter of 2023. It is less 5 kilometres from the proposed processing plant described in the PFS. At Hygrade Fold, significant results from the 2022 campaign warrant follow-up drilling, namely 5.7 g/t Au over 7.6 m in hole O3MA-22-341, including 30.9 g/t Au over 1.2 m and 20.5 g/t Au over 2.2 m in hole O3MA-22-351, including 73.5 g/t Au over 0.6 m. Elsewhere on the property, other significant drill intercepts warrant follow-up drilling.
As part of the Marban Alliance pre-feasibility study completed in the Fall of 2022, the projected GHG emissions of the project were estimated.
The carbon intensity (tCO2e/oz of gold produced) estimated for the Marban Alliance project is more than twice as low as the average world carbon intensity for gold open pit projects.
Gold mines emitted on average 0.85 tonnes of CO2 equivalent for every ounce of gold that was produced in 2019; however, stark differences exist both regionally and across open pit versus underground.*
Additionally, the emissions estimated in the Prefaisability Study (PFS) do not consider any potential optimizations or innovations that can further reduce emissions. As we continue in our optimizations studies and feasibility study, we believe that our overall emissions estimate will be further reduced going forward.
If the gold production estimated at the Marban Alliance project was to be produced in any other jurisdiction having a higher carbon intensity, the impact on climate change would be at least double.
Climate change must be addressed on a global scale, as shifting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from one jurisdiction to another will not solve the colossal challenge facing our generation and future generations. All actors in society must act consistently to achieve the global goal of limiting warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
O3 Mining is committed to contribute to the pathways to a net-zero society. Our current activities and our projects in development are being developed in a jurisdiction with a strong carbon policy and we are subject to the carbon pricing scheme in place. Notwithstanding, we are committed to looking at reducing our carbon footprint further and developing compensation projects.
Adaptation to the changing climate needs to be integrated at all levels. Whether for our current activities or for the development of our future projects. Changing climate patterns are already a reality and these patterns will grow in numbers and intensity but will differ from one region to another. Understanding the risks in which we develop our projects is essential to better plan our activities and the development of our projects in order to be able to prepare and mitigate the consequences. O3 Mining will work closely with experts to integrate this important issue in our current and future projects.
Exploration conducted at the Marban Alliance property dates to 1940. At least 14 different companies explored and/or mined on parts of the property from 1940 through 2019 when O3 Mining was created. The Marban Alliance project foresees the reopening of the former Marban Alliance, Norlartic and Kierens mines.
|Marban Alliance||Marban Alliance Gold Mines||1961 to 1974|
|Norlartic and North-North||Norlartic Mines||1959 to 1966|
|Resources Aur||1990 to 1992|
|Kierens and Gold Hawk||Norlartic Mines||1965 to 1966|
|Resources Aur||1988 to 1992|
|Malartic Hygrade||Malartic Hygrade||1962 to 1963|
|Camflo (on Marban Alliance property)||Barrick||1981 to 1992|
|Orion No 8||Malartic Hygrade||1987 to 1990|
O3 Mining became the owner of the Marban Alliance project upon its establishment in 2019.
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